Dr. Chinnakkaruppan Adaikkan

Assistant Professor

Chinna received his Ph.D. degree in neurobiology in 2016 from the University of Haifa, Israel. He carried out his Ph.D. thesis research at the University of Haifa and at the RIKEN Center for Brain Science, Japan. He uncovered the principles of associative taste aversion learning and memory. He further pursued his postdoctoral research at the Picower Institute for Learning and Memory at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, USA (2016-2020), where he continued to work as a research scientist (2021-2022). He demonstrated the neural circuit basis of cognitive dysfunctions in mouse models of Alzheimer’s disease and how brain stimulation could modify Alzheimer’s pathophysiology and learning & memory. In the early summer of 2022, he joined as a faculty member in the Centre for Brain Research at the Indian Institute of Science.

The research in our laboratory aims to understand the neural mechanisms underlying cognitive and systemic defects in neurodegenerative diseases such as Alzheimer’s disease (AD). The overarching goal is to discover how AD-associated pathology affects external sensory representations, memory, and internal body state. In addition, we are leveraging our basic research program to applications relevant to human neurological diseases. In particular, we aim to understand the neurophysiological and molecular mechanisms of brain responses to brain stimulation. To investigate these areas of interest, we use a multidisciplinary approach utilizing various state-of-the-art techniques – including genetics in mice, viral manipulations, circuit tracing, optogenetics, high-density linear probe electrophysiology, in vivo imaging, and biochemical analysis. We focus on three broad questions:

  1. How do major neuronal cell types such as PV, SST, CaMKII, and CH neurons participate in transcranial electrical stimulation (tES) evoked responses?
  2. What are the neurophysiological and circuit principles of cognitive dysfunction and interoceptive integration in AD? We focus on the multisensory insular & prefrontal cortical (PFC) circuits.
  3. What are the brain and systemic responses to chronic tES in Alzheimer’s disease?

Mechanisms of Noninvasive Brain stimulations

We believe noninvasive brain stimulation such as transcranial electrical stimulation (tES) can have tremendous implications for neuro-engineering applications and the treatment of Alzheimer’s Disease, but only if we understand and precisely control the mechanisms of tES. While there is an extensive effort to evaluate the potential of tES to modify disease outcomes, we lack a comprehensive understanding of how they elicit their myriad effects. To fill this gap in knowledge,  we are currently investigating how different cell types, beautifully organized across the cortical layers, respond electrophysiologically and transcriptionally to tES. We test several tES paradigms such as anodal and cathodal tDCS (transcranial direct current stimulation) and theta & gamma tACS (transcranial alternating current stimulation). We focus on CaMKII excitatory neurons and PV and SST interneurons to study how these cell types regulate tES evoked electrical activity across the cortical layers locally. In addition, we have elucidated the indispensability of CH neurons in synchronizing neural activity between cerebral brain hemispheres. Therefore, we study if and how tES applied to one brain hemisphere affects the electrical activity in the contralateral brain hemisphere.

Neural Correlates of Memory and Systemic Defects in Alzheimer’s Disease

In the early stages of AD, the insular and prefrontal cortices exhibit a significant pathological burden, which coincides with glial activation. However, we still do not understand how the pathological burden in insular-prefrontal cortices affects cognitive and daily life activities in AD. For example, does AD-associated pathology in these brain areas lead to gain or loss of communication, under baseline and during cognitive tasks? What are the anatomical architecture and molecular and neurophysiological signatures? How do these brain areas regulate interoception as the insular and prefrontal cortices are implicated in various regulatory mechanisms, including drive and autonomic control? We acquire large multimodal datasets as control, and AD mouse models sleep or perform cognitive tasks. We perform deep learning to gain insights into the relationships between neural (local field potential and spikes), systemic signals (breath and heart rhythms), and cognitive performance. We use APP (amyloid precursor protein) knock-in mice containing a humanized APP gene with three AD-associated mutations as an AD mouse model.

Neural and Systemic Responses to Chronic tES in Alzheimer’s disease

Our goals are to discover how repeated tES application over the insular & prefrontal cortices influences mental and physical health in AD. We address these questions by leveraging viral and optogenetics tools to manipulate neural activity, tES, record the neural and systemic activity, and examine gene expression programs in major cell types. We believe that understanding the molecular, cellular, neural circuitry, and systemic underpinnings of repeated tES in AD will eventually uncover effective treatments.

Lab News:

  • Chinna has been awarded the 2023 NARSAD Young Investigator by Brain & Behavioral Research Foundation. – Jan 2024

  • Justin has been awarded the DBT/Wellcome Trust Early Career Fellowship. – Jan 2024

  • Chinna has been awarded the DBT/Wellcome Trust Intermediate Fellowship. – Feb 2023


Postdoctoral Fellows

Dr. Justin Joseph
(Oct 2022 – Present)

About: Justin is a Biomedical Engineer by training. He is a DBT/Wellcome Trust India Alliance Early Career Fellow. Areas of his interest are medical image computing, biosignal Processing, and applications of AI in medicine.
Email id: justin@iisc.ac.in     |   Personal website: https://scholar.google.com/citations?user=eJa1AnAAAAAJ&hl=en&oi=ao

Dr. Devanand T
(Oct 2023 – Present)

Devanand obtained Ph.D. in Computational Biophysics from IMSc, Chennai. Before that he had completed B.Tech. and M.Tech. in electronics and communication engineering from University of Calicut and NIT Calicut respectively. Prior to joining CBR he was a postdoctoral researcher at Ben-Gurion University, Israel (2020-23). His research interests are in Computational Neuroscience, Machine Learning, information theory, and signal processing.

Email id: devanandt@iisc.ac.in    |    Personal website: https://dexterdev.github.io/

 Dr. Pradeep Kumar G
(Oct 2023 – Present)

Pradeep completed his PhD in Engineering from the Indian Institute of Science (IISc) in 2023. Before joining the MILE Lab at IISc, he served as an Assistant Professor in the Department of ECE at Christ University, Bangalore. His doctoral research focused on investigating EEG correlates during non-ordinary states of consciousness and slow-paced breathing. He is particularly drawn to neural signal processing techniques and their applications in understanding brain-lung interactions, developing brain-computer interfaces (BCIs), and EEG based biomarkers aiding in the clinical diagnosis of neurodegenerative diseases.

Email id: pradeepkg@iisc.ac.in   |   Personal website: https://sites.google.com/view/pradeep-kumar-g/
Google scholar: https://scholar.google.com/citations?user=a5VYQCQAAAAJ&hl=en&oi=ao

Ph.D. Students

Harsha Bhardwaj
(Aug 2022 – Present)

About: Harsha obtained her BSc and MSc (Zoology) from University of Jammu. She qualified CSIR-NET-JRF and GATE. She is interested in studying circuit alteration in neurodegeneration.

Email id: bharsha@iisc.ac.in

Research Assistants

 Chowtapalle Anuraag Chetty
(Nov 2022 – Present)

Anuraag obtained his BS-MS Dual Degree in Biological Sciences (2022) from IISER-Bhopal before joining CBR. He is a CSIR-JRF fellow. He studies neural oscillation dynamics in Alzheimer’s disease taking an EEG approach.

Email id: chowtapallec@iisc.ac.in

Anand Kumarasamy
(Feb 2024 – Present)
Anand completed M.Sc in Life Sciences and Post MSc Diploma in Molecular Diagnostics (2010) from Bharathidasan University, Trichy. Before joining CBR, he worked as a Senior Research Fellow in the Department of Biochemistry & Cell Biology, Sankara Nethralaya, Chennai.

Email id: k.j.anand87@gmail.com


Vyaas Ramasubramanian
(Nov 2023 – Present)

Vyaas is a Bachelor of Science (Research) student of IISc. He focuses on measuring responses of neuromodulators during various brain stimulations.

Email id: vyaasr@iisc.ac.in

Sri Dhinesh R C
(Jan 2024 – Present)

Sri Dhinesh is an undergraduate student (B.Tech.) in Biotechnology at Anna University, Chennai. He studies glial regulation after brain stimulation.

Email id: sridhinesh.actech@gmail.com


Aswin Sekhar C S
(May 2023- Aug 2023)
Aswin is an undergraduate student (B.Tech.) in Electronics and Communication Engineering from University of Calicut and NIT Calicut. During his internship, Aswin focused on neurophysiology and helped develop graphical user interface to analyze various features of EEG. He received CBRAIN internship and the best CBRAIN poster award.

Email id: aswinsek007@gmail.com


  1. Chinnakkaruppan Adaikkan*, Justin Joseph, Georgios Foustoukos, Jun Wang, Denis Polygalov, Roman Boehringer, Steven J. Middleton, Arthur J. Y. Huang, Li-Huei Tsai & Thomas J. McHugh*. Silencing CA1 pyramidal cells output reveals the role of feedback inhibition in hippocampal oscillations. Nature Communications 15, 2190 (2024). https://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-024-46478-3 *Lead Authors
  2. Adaikkan C*, Wang J, Abdelaal K, Middleton SJ, Wickersham I, McHugh TJ, and Tsai LH*. (2022) Alterations in a Cross-hemispheric Circuit Associates with Novelty Discrimination Deficits in Mouse Models of Neurodegeneration. Neuron. 110(19): 3091-3105.e9. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.neuron.2022.07.023.   * Lead author.
  3. Marco A, Meharena HS, Dileep V, Raju RM, Davila-Velderrain J, Zhang AL, Adaikkan C, Young JZ, Gao F, Kellis M, Tsai LH. (2020) Mapping the epigenomic and transcriptomic interplay during memory formation and recall in the hippocampal engram ensemble. Nature Neuroscience. 23,1606–1617. https//doi.org/10.1038/s41593-020-00717-0
  4. Pao PC, Patnaik D, Watson LA, Gao F, Pan L, Wang J, Adaikkan C, Penney J, Cam HP, Huang WC, Pantano L, Lee A, Nott A, Phan TX, Gjoneska E, Elmsaouri S, Haggarty SJ, Tsai LH. (2020) HDAC1 modulates OGG1-initiated oxidative DNA damage repair, brain aging, and Alzheimer’s disease pathology. Nature communication. 11:2484. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-020-16361-y
  5. Adaikkan C and Tsai LH. (2020) Gamma Entrainment: Impact on Neurocircuits, Glia and Therapeutic Opportunities. Trends in Neurosciences. 43(1):24-41. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tins.2019.11.001. This review article has been featured in Cell Press’s special collection on light! https://www.cell.com/trends/collections/light
  6. Adaikkan C, Middleton SJ, Marco A, Pao PC, Mathys H, Kim DNW, Gao F, Young JZ, Suk HJ, Boyden ES, McHugh TJ and Tsai LH. (2019) Gamma Entrainment Binds Higher-Order Brain Regions and Offers Neuroprotection. Neuron. 102(5): 929-943.e8. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.neuron.2019.04.011 Featured article in Neuron with previews. The paper has been covered in ‘Bench to Bedside in the Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA)’ and ‘Editor’s choice in Science Translational Medicine’.
  7. Adaikkan C#, Taha E#, Barrera I, David O and Rosenblum K. (2018) Calcium/Calmodulin-Dependent Protein Kinase II and Eukaryotic Elongation Factor 2 Kinase Pathways Mediate the Antidepressant Action of Ketamine. Biol Psychiatry. 84(1): 65-75. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biopsych.2017.11.028 #These authors contributed equally. Article accompanied by commentary. The paper has been recommended in F1000Prime as being of special significance in its field.
  8. Singer A, Martorell A, Douglas JM, Abdurrob F, Attokaren M, Tipton J, Mathys H, Adaikkan C and Tsai LH. (2018) Non-invasive 40 Hz light flicker to reduce amyloid load and recruit microglia. Nature protocols. 13(8): 1850-1868. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41596-018-0021-x
  9. Mathys H, Adaikkan C, Gao F, Young JZ, Manet E, Hemberg M, De Jager PL, Ransohoff RM, Regev A and Tsai LH. (2017) Temporal Tracking of Microglia Activation in Neurodegeneration at Single-Cell Resolution. Cell Reports. 21(2):366-380. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.celrep.2017.09.039
  10. Iaccarino HF, Singer AC, Martorell AJ, Rudenko A, Gao F, Gillingham TZ, Mathys H, Seo J, Kritskiy O, Abdurrob F, Adaikkan C, Canter RG, Rueda R, Brown EN, Boyden ES and Tsai LH. (2016) Gamma frequency entrainment attenuates amyloid load and modifies microglia. Nature. 540(7632):230-235. https://doi.org/10.1038/nature20587
  11. Miyamoto D, Hirai D, Fung CC, Inutsuka A, Odagawa M, Suzuki T, Boehringer R, Adaikkan C, Matsubara C, Matsuki N, Fukai T, McHugh TJ, Yamanaka A and Murayama M. (2016) Top-down cortical input during NREM sleep consolidates perceptual memory. Science. 352(6291):1315-8. 10.1126/science.aaf0902
  12. Adaikkan C and Rosenblum K. (2015) A molecular mechanism underlying gustatory memory trace for an association in the insular cortex. 21(2):37-51. https://doi.org/10.7554/eLife.07582.001
  13. C Adaikkan, Wintzer ME, McHugh TJ and Rosenblum K. (2014) Differential Contribution of Hippocampal Subfields to Components of Associative Taste Learning. Journal of Neuroscience. 34(33):11007-15. https://doi.org/10.1523/JNEUROSCI.0956-14.2014
  14. David O, Barrera I, C Adaikkan, Kaphzan H, Nakazawa T, Yamamoto T and Rosenblum K. (2014) Dopamine-induced tyrosine phosphorylation of NR2B (Tyr1472) is essential for ERK1/2 activation and processing of novel taste information. Front Mol Neurosci. 7:66. https://doi.org/10.3389/fnmol.2014.00066
  15. Stern E#, C Adaikkan#, David O, Sonenberg N and Rosenblum K. (2013) Blocking the eIF2? Kinase (PKR) Enhances Positive and Negative forms of Cortex-Dependent Taste Memory. Journal of Neuroscience. 33(6):2517-25. https://doi.org/10.1523/JNEUROSCI.2322-12.2013 #These authors contributed equally.
  16. Adaikkan C and Rosenblum K. (2012) The role of Protein Phosphorylation in the Gustatory Cortex and Amygdala During Taste Learning. Exp Neurobiol. 21(2):37-51. 10.5607/en.2012.21.2.37
  17. Isai M, Elanchezhian R, Sakthivel M, C Adaikkan, Rajamohan M, Jesudasan Nelson, Thomas PA and Geraldine P. (2009) Anticataractogenic Effect of an Extract of the Oyster Mushroom, Pleurotus ostreatus, in an Experimental Animal Model. Curr Eye Res. 34:4, 264-273. https://doi.org/10.1080/02713680902774069
  18. C Adaikkan, Das S and Sarkar PK. (2009) Age related and hypothyroidism related changes on the stoichiometry of neurofilament subunits in the developing rat brain. Int J Dev Neurosci. 27; 257–261. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijdevneu.2008.12.007

We are open to highly motivated technical and postdoctoral researchers. So, if you are passionate about neuroscience and neuro-engineering, motivated, and curious, we encourage you to be part of our team. Prospective postdocs are encouraged to send an email with a CV, a brief research statement, and career goals & expectations. Candidates with independent funding are highly encouraged to apply.


Centre for Brain Research
Indian Institute of Science Campus
CV Raman Avenue
Bangalore 560012. India.

Email: chinna[at]cbr-iisc.ac.in
Telephone: Office +91 80 2293 3747